Identifikasi Kekeringan Meteorologi menggunakan SPI 3 Bulanan dan 6 Bulanan di DAS Brantas Hulu


  • Rensi Septiani Program Studi Klimatologi, STMKG, Indonesia
  • Nuryadi Program Studi Klimatologi, STMKG, Indonesia
  • Fendy Arifianto Program Studi Klimatologi, STMKG, Indonesia
  • Munawar Program Studi Klimatologi, STMKG, Indonesia



Drought is a state of water availability that is far below the need for water for survival, agriculture, economic activity, and the environment. Drought in the Brantas Hulu watershed has been recorded as hampering the function of the Sutami Reservoir. This study used the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) method of 3 monthly and 6 monthly to determine the distribution of drought in the form of duration, severity, and maximum intensity of the Brantas Hulu watershed. This study also analyzed the relationship between the 3-monthly and 6-monthly SPI index to the sutami reservoir inflow discharge in the Brantas Hulu watershed using the Pearson Correlation method including correlations without lag, lag 1, and lag 2. The data used are monthly rainfall data for 30 years for the period 1991 - 2020 from 10 Rain Posts in Malang City, Batu City, and Malang Regency as well as monthly inflow debit data for 10 years for the period 2011 - 2020 from Perum Jasa Tirta 1. In general, the distribution of the maximum drought duration occurs for 15 – 17 months, while the SPI of 6 months occurs for 25 – 29 months. The maximum drought severity occurs for 5 - 6 months, while the 6-month SPI occurs for 9 – 11 months. The maximum drought intensity of SPI is 3 months and 6 months is categorized as Dry. Otherwise, the correlation of 3 monthly SPI and sutami reservoir inflow discharge without lag and lag 1 is worth 0,2 to 0,3, while for lag 2 it is worth 0,1 to 0,2. The correlation value of the 6 -month SPI index and the inflow discharge of Sutami Reservoir without lag is worth 0,3 to 0,4, while the correlation of lag 1 and lag 2 is worth 0,2 to 0,3.