STUDI TEMPORAL PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DAN POLUSI UDARA. STUDI KASUS: DKI JAKARTA, SEMARANG, DAN SURABAYA PADA TAHUN 2005-2015

  • Kurniawan Budi Santoso Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • Lukman Hakim Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • Esya Racha Ningrum Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • Wirastuti Widyatmanti Universitas Gadjah Mada
Keywords: aerosol optical thickness, environmental kuznet curve, gross regional domestic product, industry, land use

Abstract

Indonesia is projected to be one among dominating forces in Asian market by 2050. However, the process of economic growth tends to affect the environmental conditions. Hence, the relationship between economic growth and environmental impacts becomes important to be examined so that the stakeholder could apply the best regulations. This study aims to examine the effect of the intensity of economic activity on the environment through the parameters of Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) as economic parameters and Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) as environmental pollution parameters in three big cities in Indonesia: Jakarta, Semarang, and Surabaya during 2005 -2015. The method used in the relationship assessment is the statistical analysis of regression. The scatter diagram of the regression results is then matched with Environtmental Kuznet Curve (EKC) hypothesis. We then analyze further the relationship between GRDP and AOT using following approaches 1) Persentage contribution of each economic sector to GRDP; and 2) Land use dynamics in the cities. The result showed that the relation between AOT and PDRB in the three study sites took the 3rd order polynomial form with tendency of increasing in DKI Jakarta and Semarang and decreasing in Surabaya. The highest value of R2 was found in Semarang at 0.7074, DKI Jakarta at 0.5223, and Surabaya at 0.414. Based on the EKC hypothesis, it is known that industrial development of Semarang is in Pre-Industrial stage, while DKI Jakarta in Industrial stage, and Surabaya City at Post Industrial stage. The result of analysis shows that the value of AOT is not only related to the industrial sector by number of economic value, but also industrial sector viewed at spatial perspective.

Published
2019-04-29
How to Cite
Santoso, K. B., Hakim, L., Ningrum, E. R., & Widyatmanti, W. (2019). STUDI TEMPORAL PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DAN POLUSI UDARA. STUDI KASUS: DKI JAKARTA, SEMARANG, DAN SURABAYA PADA TAHUN 2005-2015. Jurnal Meteorologi Klimatologi Dan Geofisika, 5(2), 54-70. https://doi.org/10.36754/jmkg.v5i2.59